What is Lasik
Refractive surgery is the term used to describe surgical procedures that correct common vision problems (nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia) to reduce your dependence on prescription eyeglasses and/or contact lenses.
Currently, a laser procedure called LASIK is the most popular refractive surgery performed in the United States. LASIK is a surgical procedure that uses a laser to correct nearsightedness, farsightedness, and/or astigmatism. In LASIK, a thin flap in the cornea is created using a femtosecond laser. The surgeon folds back the flap, then removes some corneal tissue underneath using an excimer laser. The flap is then laid back in place, covering the area where the corneal tissue was removed. Laser eye surgery offers numerous benefits and can dramatically improve your quality of life as it reduces your dependence on prescription eyeglasses and/or contact lenses..
How LASIK Works
The LASIK procedure is performed by our ophthalmologists who are medical doctors who specialize in surgical treatments of the eye. Below is a general outline of the procedure:
- Anesthetic eye drops are applied to the eye.
- The LASIK surgeon creates a protective flap to access the inner corneal tissue. During this part of the procedure, your vision dims and becomes blurry for about a minute. After the flap is created you are able to see the flashing fixation light of the laser and the bright lights used for the procedure.
- Next, the inner layers of your cornea receive computer-controlled pulses of cool laser light. Although the laser light is invisible, the laser makes a clicking sound as it gently reshapes the inner corneal layer to improve and in many cases, eliminate your prescription. During this part of the procedure, an eye-tracking device tracks your eye movements to ensure precise correction.
- Following the re-shaping of the tissue, the LASIK surgeon carefully re-positions and aligns the flap to its original position. Protective shields are placed over your eye to prevent accidental rubbing as the flap heals naturally and securely over the next several hours.
After the LASIK eye surgery procedure, patients feel moderate discomfort and irritation for a few hours, but most are comfortable after a nap and rest.
Other Types of LASIK
Everyone’s eyes are different. A pre-procedure consultation with your doctor will help determine the right type of laser eye surgery for you.
- Custom LASIK is a laser vision correction procedure that helps your surgeon customize the laser treatment to your individual eyes. This procedure may result in your vision being clearer and sharper than ever before.
- Bladeless LASIK uses a gentle laser to create a precise, uniform corneal flap. As the name implies, no blades are used in this customizable eye surgery.
- Topography-Guided LASIK is the latest advancement in laser technology. Take LASIK to the next level, ask about Contoura® Vision.
- Wavefront Technology creates a customized map of the unique attributes of your visual system that transfers to the laser, enabling your LASIK surgeon to address your individual visual requirements. Wavefront technology is used in custom LASIK surgery, including custom bladeless LASIK.
Get started today! Take the LASIK Self-Evaluation Test at Montgomery & Riddle Eyecare serving people in the Greenville, Clinton, Newberry, and Saluda areas and more.